an overview of the types, symptoms, complications and management


Linda Cloete Lecturer, School of Nursing, Avondale University, Wahroonga, Sydney NSW, Australia

Why you should read this article:

  • To learn about the types of diabetes mellitus and associated presentation

  • To refresh your knowledge of the complications that are associated with diabetes

  • To understand the nurse’s role in managing patients with diabetes

The incidence of diabetes mellitus is rapidly increasing, and this condition often results in significant metabolic disease and severe complications. Nurses have a crucial role in monitoring, educating and supporting people with diabetes, as well as their families and significant others. This article provides an overview of the main types and common symptoms of diabetes, its acute and long-term complications and its management. It also outlines the nurse’s role in diabetes care, which frequently includes assessing and empowering patients.

Nursing Standard.
doi: 10.7748/ns.2021.e11709

Peer review

This article has been subject to external double-blind peer review and checked for plagiarism using automated software



Conflict of interest

None declared

Cloete L (2021) Diabetes mellitus: an overview of the types, symptoms, complications and management. Nursing Standard. doi: 10.7748/ns.2021.e11709

Published online: 28 October 2021

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